Continual Disobedience: what Does it Mean for Secondary Schools in New Zealand?

The research aimed to examine how secondary school leaders and teachers interpreted and used this term as part of their disciplinary processes to determine the removal of students from their regular learning contexts, for periods of time.

The term continual disobedience (CD) was used as a 'catch-all' phrase by schools with intra and inter-school variances in its definition and application. While acknowledging the need for more consistency in applying disciplinary consequences, schools perceived problem behaviours to be student and family–centric.